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Home -- Blogs -- Explore the Possibilities of Hoop Buildings on Farms

Explore the Possibilities of Hoop Buildings on Farms

Zuhaa Lee

Zuhaa stands out for her expertise in digital innovation, transforming large tents into interactive and technologically advanced spaces.

Updated: May 24, 2024
Published: April 11, 2024


Hoop buildings, typically referring to plastic or fabric structure composed of multiple semicircle hoop frames, offer spacious interiors and strong spanning capabilities, making them adaptable for various settings and purposes. They are utilized in industrial warehouses, event venues, and perhaps most prominently, farm barns.
These plastic or fabric hoop buildings on farms, also known as hoop houses or hoop barns, are increasingly favored by farm owners with diverse production and management needs. Let's learn more about the allure of hoop houses.
Applications Of Hoop Buildings In Different Occasions

Types of Farm Hoop Buildings:

Types of farm hoop buildings based on their uses:

  1. Agricultural Planting:

Hoop barns often employ transparent or semi-transparent plastic or fabric coverings to maximize sunlight penetration, providing an optimal greenhouse effect to maintain warm growing conditions for crops and extend the planting season.
  1. Livestock Farming:

Hoop houses used for livestock feeding can provide temporary or permanent environments for poultry farming. These structures are typically designed with adequate ventilation and space, using durable materials to ensure the long-term comfort and health of livestock, given the high ammonia concentration in their excrement.
  1. Farm Storage:

Hoop storage buildings used for storing agricultural tools, crops, or other items usually feature large openings and spacious interiors to accommodate various types and sizes of items. These buildings may require additional structural support or internal equipment to ensure the safety and convenient access of stored items.
The Application Of Hoop Buildings In Planting, Breeding And Storage

Types of farm hoop buildings based on their frame construction:

  1. Metal Hoop Buildings:

Aluminum and steel hoop buildings are the most widely used types in this category. Utilizing metal as the primary frame structure, these buildings offer superior strength and durability, capable of withstanding greater pressures and environmental impacts. They are often used in applications requiring larger spaces or stronger structural support, such as livestock shelters or agricultural storage buildings.
  1. Wooden Hoop Buildings:

Wooden hoop buildings use wood as the primary frame structure. This type of building is more suitable for locations requiring a natural appearance or environmentally friendly features, although maintenance may be more challenging compared to metal hoop buildings. Wooden hoop buildings are commonly used in garden or private yard settings.
  1. Plastic Hoop Buildings:

Plastic hoop buildings utilize polymer materials as the frame structure. They typically exhibit good flexibility and corrosion resistance, are lighter weight compared to wooden and metal hoop buildings, making them suitable for long-term use in various environmental conditions, as well as easier to install and move. Plastic hoop buildings are commonly used in applications such as greenhouses, garden canopies, or temporary event venues on farms.
Metal Hoop Building, Wooden Hoop Building And Plastic Hoop Building

Benefits of Hoop Buildings on Farms:

  1. Impeccable Aesthetics:

Unlike conventional linear designs, the curved aesthetics of hoop buildings add graceful lines, lending a sense of lightness and elegance to the entire structure.
  1. Easy Assembly and Mobility:

Hoop buildings feature relatively simple structures, mainly composed of prefabricated metal frames and coverings, facilitating multiple setups, dismantling, and relocation. Most accessories from hoop building kits, such as entrance ramps, ventilation fans, and air conditioning units, can be customized and arranged according to requirements.
  1. Sturdy and Durable:

Hoop structures disperse pressure effectively, allowing rainwater or snow to slide off the surface smoothly. Additionally, their rounded design smooths wind passing, distributing wind forces evenly. As a result, hoop buildings boast excellent structural stability, resisting certain natural disasters and ensuring the safety and stability of crops, livestock, and agricultural equipment.
  1. Environmental Sustainability:

Compared to conventional farm buildings, hoop structures offer higher space utilization rates, accommodating more activities or facilities within. This reduces the energy consumption required for heating, cooling, lighting, and ventilation inside, resulting in lower energy costs. The coverings of hoop buildings allow natural light to penetrate, reducing reliance on artificial lighting during the day to some extent, thus lowering energy consumption.
  1. Provides Optimal Production/Storage Environment:

The excellent light transmission of hoopr buildings enhances sunlight exposure for crops, livestock, or stored goods. The curved design of internal walls reduces moisture dripping, while the open entrance design increases ventilation, providing a conducive airflow environment to maintain the quality, freshness, and shelf life of stored items.
Despite the numerous benefits hoop buildings bring to farms, their overly fixed structures may pose challenges to farm management. Once constructed, adjustments to hoop building kits and internal space allocation may require more time and resources.
Hoop Building On Vast Land

Hoop Building Costs on Farms:

Hoop building costs vary based on several factors, including the size of the hoop building, material choices, and manufacturer selection (labor costs and manufacturing standards vary by region). According to SHELTER's practical experience, hoop buildings are generally more cost-effective compared to traditional farm buildings, with construction costs in the range of $10 to $20 per square foot in the United States. Contact SHELTER and we will conduct a personalized assessment based on your needs.

Key Considerations for Building A Hoop House:

  1. Site Selection:

For hoop buildings used in planting, a north-south orientation (looking from the longest side of the building, the ends face south and north respectively) is preferable, allowing for uniform sunlight exposure. For livestock hoop buildings, an east-west orientation(looking from the longest side of the building, with the ends facing east and west respectively) is ideal as winds tend to flow more easily in this direction, facilitating ventilation and lighting inside the building.
  1. Material Selection:

For planting purposes, building a hoop house requires coverings with better light transmission and insulation, such as plastic film, to provide an optimal growth environment for plants. The selection of frame materials is more varied. Since animals produce more ammonia and waste, and their activities may cause impact and abrasion, hoop buildings used for livestock have higher requirements for covering materials and frame structures. They typically use insulated tarpaulins as building covers and lightweight, corrosion-resistant galvanized steel pipes as frame structures.
  1. Structural Design:

Designing a structurally sound hoop building is not a simple task. Each structure manufacturer has its own design concepts and technical advantages. With 30 years of practical experience in structure design and construction, SHELTER can provide perfect design and construction based on customer requirements, ensuring the construction of hoop buildings with maximum strength and resistance to wind and snow.


In summary, hoop buildings offer a more accessible and economically viable solution to meet the diverse management needs of farms compared to other farm buildings, ensuring higher farm economic benefits. This is the main reason why more and more farm owners are choosing hoop buildings. If you have a need for hoop building construction, you can seek SHELTER's advice. SHELTER provides one-stop solutions for perfect hoop building spaces.
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Shelter's Fabric Hoop Buildings for Military Applications

Contact Us

Make On-Demand Space Solutions Easier, Faster

SHELTER has a great team of skilled architects ready to support your project or Event at any time.

When you’re ready to start your next business, get in touch with us now, and our architects will get back to you with a quote as soon as possible.

Business Email

      [email protected]

Phone Number

      USA: +1 713-386-9281

        CN: +86 13928858552

No.1 Huanghe Section,Songshan Road, Chao Tian Industrial Zone,Shilou Town Panyu District,Guangzhou