[email protected]
×
Contact Us
Make On-Demand Space Solutions Easier, Faster

SHELTER has a great team of skilled architects ready to support your project or Event at any time.

When you're ready to start your next business, get in touch with us now, and our architects will get back to you with a quote as soon as possible.

Business Email
Phone Number
No.1 Huanghe Section,Songshan Road, Chao Tian Industrial Zone,Shilou Town Panyu District,Guangzhou
You can upload files
CLICK ON THE BUTTON OR DRAG& DROP FILES
Upload Files
Drag files here or browse for
the above files
Home -- Blogs -- Everything You Need to Know About Airplane Hangar Design and Construction

Everything You Need to Know About Airplane Hangar Design and Construction

Chris

Expert in advanced structural engineering, Chris has transformed the safety standards of large tent designs with his groundbreaking research.

Updated: May 15, 2024
Published: May 14, 2024

Introduction

The aviation industry is developing rapidly. Whether for personal reasons or corporate purposes, when you decide to buy an aircraft, you need a safe place to store it. Having an excellent airplane hangar not only provides a safe storage space but also optimizes flight operations and maintenance work. This article will explore the key factors that need to be considered when designing and building an aircraft hangar!

What Are Airplane Hangers?

An airplane hangar is typically called a "hangar" or "aircraft hangar." The term "hangar" originates from the French word "hangar," meaning "shed" or "shelter."

Airplane hangars are the structures where airplanes are stored, maintained, and sometimes serviced. They're typically large buildings with enough space to accommodate one or more aircraft.

Airplane Hangar

What Are the Benefits of Owning an Airplane Hangar?

Buying an aircraft hangar brings many benefits and is a great asset for both the individual flying enthusiast and the business flyer. Let's explore some of these benefits:

  • Protect aircraft: aircraft hangars provide a safe storage space that protects aircraft from harsh weather, UV rays, dust, birds, and other potential damages or hazards.
  • Extend airplane life: aircraft are susceptible to corrosion, discoloration, and damage from prolonged outdoor exposure. Storing aircraft in a hangar extends their life and reduces maintenance costs.
  • Facilitates maintenance and overhaul: hangars provide a safe, dry, and comfortable working environment for maintenance personnel to perform maintenance, overhaul, and cleaning of the aircraft.
  • Increased aircraft value: keeping your aircraft in good storage conditions will maintain its appearance and performance, thus increasing its value on the secondary market.
  • Convenient landings and takeoffs: owning your hangar means you can land and take off whenever you want, without relying on the hours and availability of public airports or other hangars.
  • Cost savings: owning an airplane and renting a hangar for a long period can result in higher rental costs. Purchasing a hangar can save on long-term rental expenses.
  • Value-added potential: if the purchased hangar is located in an area with value-added potential, such as near an airport with high aviation activity or in an area with rapid economic development, the value of the hangar may increase over time.
  • Customized space: owned hangars can be customized and adapted to suit individual or business needs, including adding office space, work areas, or storage facilities to provide more flexibility.
  • Rental income: if you don't need to use the hangar in its entirety, you can rent out a portion of the space to other aircraft owners or airlines to generate rental income to help offset some of the loan or costs.

What Should Know About Airplane Hangar Design and Construction

The design of an aircraft hangar requires several factors to be considered to ensure that it meets the storage and maintenance needs of the aircraft. Here are some of the main factors that should be considered:

1. Calculate Aircraft Hangar Size

Different types and sizes of aircraft require different storage space, so the size of the hangar should be based on the dimensions of the aircraft expected to be stored.

Measurements should take full account of all other highest and lowest points of the aircraft's three-dimensional surface to accommodate the wingspan, length, and tail height of the aircraft.

Aircraft Hangar Size

The projected number of aircraft to be stored and aircraft hangar layout affects the size of the hangar.

Aircraft Hangar Layout

Calculate maneuvering space, which includes walking space, work benches, and areas for storing tools and equipment to facilitate repair, cleaning, and maintenance work by maintenance personnel.

In addition, the ceiling height of the hangar should be high enough to take into account any lifting equipment or tools that may be required.

Airplane Hanger

2. Two Types of Airplane Hangar Materials

2.1 Two Types of Airplane Hangar Materials

Conventional hangar structures are usually constructed of reinforced concrete.

Aircraft hangars built of reinforced concrete structures have some advantages and disadvantages.

Concrete Airplane Hanger

Pros:

  • It can withstand harsh weather conditions.
  • It can support the weight of an airplane and provide a solid working surface.

Cons:

  • High cost, including high material and labor costs.
  • Long construction time, with more complicated and time-consuming on-site construction processes.
  • High maintenance costs, metal structures may require regular maintenance and upkeep due to corrosion, while reinforced concrete structures may require crack repair or protective coatings.
  • Limited Design Flexibility, Hangars of reinforced concrete or metal structures may have less design flexibility because they often require strict adherence to building codes and structural requirements. This may limit designers' options and creativity in the design and build process.
  • Poorly insulated, metal-framed hangars may be poorly insulated, especially in extreme climates. This can result in more heating costs being required to maintain the temperature inside the hangar during the winter months.

2.2 Aluminum Structure Airplane Hangar

Aluminum airplane hangars are easier to erect and dismantle than traditional concrete hangars and typically cost less compared to traditional concrete hangars.

Airplane Hangar

Pros:

  • Aluminum canopies cost less, making this economical option especially suitable for small investors who are just starting out or have minimal budgets.
  • Installation cycles are shorter
  • Maintenance costs are also relatively low
  • Aluminum is lightweight and easy to install and relocate.
  • Durable and safe: it can withstand wind loads of up to 100 km/h (62 mph).
  • Aluminum is corrosion and weather-resistant and has a long service life.
  • Aluminum industrial hangars can be customized and adapted to fit aircraft of different sizes and shapes as well as different layout requirements.
  • Modularized design, flexible adjustment
  • Environmentally friendly and energy-saving, aluminum alloy materials can be recycled and reused, which meets the requirements of environmental protection and saves energy and resources.

Cons:

  • Aluminum alloy hangars may not be as stable as traditional structural hangars in the face of strong winds and other inclement weather compared to traditional concrete hangars.

3. Aircraft Hangar Door Design

Hangars should be designed with access and door locations in mind to ensure easy access for aircraft and maintenance personnel.

There are many different designs of airplane hangar doors available on the market, the following are some common types:

Aircraft Hangar Doors
  • Aircraft hangar sliding doors:Sliding doors are suitable for large hangars and slide along a track to open and close.
  • Aircraft hangar rolling doors:Rolling doors are affordable and suitable for small hangars, roll up to open, and do not require a lot of space.
  • Bifold aircraft hangar doors:Folding doors open and close by folding the door panels and are suitable for space-saving applications.

If you purchase an electric remote-controlled airplane hangar door, it is certainly more convenient, but it is also more expensive than a traditional manually operated hangar door!

4. Aircraft Hangar Flooring

Hangar flooring needs to be able to withstand the weight of the aircraft, so it must have sufficient load-bearing capacity and strong abrasion resistance.

To protect the safety of aircraft and personnel, hangar flooring needs to have good anti-skid performance, especially in the case of wet or oil.

The common floor has concrete, tile, and epoxy flooring.

  • Concrete bearing capacity is the strongest but not easy to clean.
  • Tiles are easy to clean and beautiful, but the disadvantage is that the bearing capacity is relatively weak.
  • Epoxy flooring in all aspects of the better, but the price is relatively high.
Aircraft Hangar Flooring

I have collected some of the reputed aircraft hangar flooring companies in the US, some of them include:

  • Swisstrax flooring is usually known for its high durability and ease of cleaning.
  • Rubaroc primarily manufactures rubber flooring and their products are highly slip and abrasion-resistant.
  • ArmorPoxy and Epoxy-Coat offer epoxy aircraft hangar floor coatings.

All of these companies offer a variety of different types of flooring solutions, and you can check out their existing customer reviews online before you buy to help you get an all-around idea of their after-sales service and cooperative attitude!

5. Aircraft Hangar Lighting

For aircraft hangar lighting systems, the following common choices are recommended:

  • LED lighting system: LED lamps with high efficiency, long life, low energy consumption, and high brightness can provide even and bright lighting, ensuring that the interior of the hangar is well-lit and comfortable.
  • Induction lighting: This system automatically adjusts the brightness of the lighting according to the activity inside the hangar, which is convenient and saves energy.
  • Emergency lighting systems: It is important to install emergency lighting systems in hangars in case of unexpected situations, such as power outages or fires. These systems usually include emergency lights and emergency exit signs to ensure that adequate lighting and instructions are provided in case of emergency.
Aircraft Hangar Lighting Systems

6. Aircraft Hangar Heaters

There are several reasons why aircraft hangars need heating systems:

  • Preventing icing: By heating the hangar, you can prevent ice from forming on the airplane while it is parked, ensuring it is dry and ice-free before takeoff.
  • Protect equipment: Cold weather can cause damage to an aircraft's electronics, hydraulics, and other components. By heating the hangar, the temperature can be kept stable, preventing equipment from being affected by freezing or temperature changes.
  • Comfort: Heated hangars also provide a comfortable working environment, allowing maintenance personnel to perform maintenance and overhaul work more comfortably in cold weather conditions.
  • Extended aircraft life: Frequent parking in cold environments can accelerate the wear and corrosion of aircraft components. By keeping the temperature inside the hangar stable, you can extend the life of your aircraft and reduce maintenance costs.

Overall, heating an aircraft hangar helps protect the aircraft and equipment, provides a comfortable working environment, and extends the life of the aircraft, thus ensuring safe operation in all climates.

7. Aircraft Hangar Fire Suppression System

Hangars should be equipped with appropriate safety features, including fire suppression systems, emergency exits, fire extinguishers, and safety signs to ensure the safety of people and property.

8. Airplane Hangar Furniture

Appropriate furniture may be placed only if it does not affect operation and safety:

  • Place comfortable sofas and chairs to provide space for rest. Choose furniture that is lightweight and easy to move so that the layout can be adjusted as needed.
  • Install storage cabinets and shelves for files, tools, and other miscellaneous items.
  • Set up workbenches and work areas for simple repairs, DIY projects, or other work activities.
Airplane Hangar Furniture

Conclusion

The design and structure of a hangar should provide a safe, comfortable, and efficient storage and maintenance environment. When designing an aircraft hangar, factors such as the size and number of aircraft, shelter materials, choice of hangar doors and floors, ceiling height, lighting, heating systems, and other safety equipment all need to be considered.

I hope the above information is helpful to you. If you have any other questions, please contact [email protected]. Whether you are looking for a permanent or temporary hangar to house vintage military aircraft, seaplanes, agricultural aircraft, or other aircraft, we can provide professional help!

Read More About the Event on Our Blog
clear span tent What Is a Clear Span Tent

Explain what a clear span tent is, and introduce in detail the characteristics, installation methods and purchasing channels of 6 different clear span tents

Steel Truss Aircraft Hangars How do Airplane Hangar Doors Work?

This article will introduce in detail how aircraft hangar doors are operated through winches and frequency converters, aiming to answer your questions and help you choose suitable aircraft hangar doors.

Why Choose Military Hangar From Shelter Structures What Is a Military Hangar?

Explore the definition, functions, advantages and disadvantages of military hangars with SHELTER, and provide you with a reference for choosing the best military-grade hangar.

Aviation Hangars Clear Span Buildings How Much Does It Cost to Build a 60x60 Hangar?

Explore the cost of building a 60x60 airplane hangar with us. Our simple costs model makes your small hangar construction plan clearer and simpler.

Tfs Clear Span Fabric Structure Ultimate Guide to Fabric Structures: Types, Costs, and Innovations

From tension structures to geodesic domes, explore the different types of fabric structures, understand their cost implications, and get a glimpse into future innovations that are shaping this dynamic field.

Contact Us

Make On-Demand Space Solutions Easier, Faster

SHELTER has a great team of skilled architects ready to support your project or Event at any time.

When you’re ready to start your next business, get in touch with us now, and our architects will get back to you with a quote as soon as possible.

Business Email

      [email protected]

Phone Number

      USA: +1 713-386-9281

        CN: +86 13928858552

No.1 Huanghe Section,Songshan Road, Chao Tian Industrial Zone,Shilou Town Panyu District,Guangzhou